Shaykh Mehmet Adil Al-Haqqani, Sohbet of the 15th of May, 2018.
As-Salāmu ‘alaykum wa raḥmatu Llāhi wa barakātuh.
A‘ūdhu biLlāhi mina sh-shayṭāni r-rajīm. Bismi Llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm.
Aṣ-ṣalātu wa s- Salāmu ‘alá Rasūlinā Muḥammadin Sayyidi l-awwalīn wa l-ākhirīn. Madad yā Rasūla Llāh, madad yā Sādāti Aṣḥābi Rasūli Llāh, madad yā Mashāyikhinā, dastūr yā Shaykh ‘Abdu Llāh al-Fā’iz ad-Dāghistānī, Shaykh Muḥammad Nāẓim al-Ḥaqqānī. Madad.
Ṭarīqatunā ṣ- ṣuḥbah wa l-khayru fi l-jam‘iyyah.
A‘ūdhu biLlāhi mina sh-shayṭāni r-rajīm. Bismi Llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm. “Shahru Ramaḍāna alladhī unzila fīhi l-Qur’ānu hudan lil-nāsi wa-bayyinātin mina l-hudá wal- furqān” (2:185). “Fa-man shahida minkumu sh-shahra fa-lyaṣumhu wa man kāna marīḍan aw ‘alá safarin fa-‘iddatun min ayyāmin ukhara” (2:185). This āyah came when the fast of Ramaḍān became farḍ (obligatory) for our Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Because before that, fasting in Ramaḍān was not farḍ. They would fast in Muḥarram. But after the hijrah it became farḍ.
So it became one of five requirements of Islām. Iqāmatu ṣ-ṣalāt, itā’i z-zakāt, ṣawmu r- Ramaḍān – it is the fourth requirement. It is from the farḍ of Islām. To skip it without excuse is a big sin and misfortune for a person. For those who skip it, there is punishment from Allāh جل جلاله When it is farḍ – there is punishment for skipping farḍ. No punishment for sunnah, but still it is not good to skip that either. And to do farḍ is the same for everyone. Everyone should do farḍ. There are some farḍ that as long as someone does it, the others can skip it. But fasting, praying and zakāh should be done by everyone. Regarding ḥajj – if someone can’t go, he can send others. That is possible. But when it comes to fasting, in case someone can’t do it, others can’t fast in his place. He should pay its fidyah. It works that way. But others can’t fast for him. Ḥajj is different and fasting is different.
Allāh ‘Azza wa Jalla appointed everything and created it beautiful. It has wisdom and wisdom cannot be questioned – “Why this is created and why it is so?” There are uncountable wisdoms in fasting. The main one being to educate the ego of a person. To educate the ego, fasting is the biggest weapon. When a man is fasting, it is easier for him to control his ego. Moreover, Allāh جل جلاله gives more spiritual powers to a man when he’s fasting. He جل جلاله increases his light and from physical aspects too. Our Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم says, “Ṣūmū taṣiḥḥū.” Fast and you will get health and wellness. Who doesn’t fast, no matter how hard he watches after his health, he cannot attain it. Only the fasting ones are healthy. They feel better than other people. The body is revitalized. The body releases all harmful poisons and toxins it has inside. And it lightens, getting rid of excess. A man is released from them.
From all aspects, fasting is a big favour for a person. And our fasting is easier than that of
other nations. During the time of Mūsá ‘alayhi s-salām they fasted for six months. And there wasn’t food from the evening till the morning like we have now. They had their ʾifṭār only. Next ʾifṭār would be only after 24 hours. It was like this in the beginning of Islām too. Then Allāh ‘Azza wa Jalla showed mercy on us and we fast during the day only. We break our fast after sunset and are free to eat until fajr. Sometimes people get confused. It is rare, but it happens that people do without knowing. Because everyone says something. They say dawn has come. People think dawn is sunrise. It is not so. Mu’adhdhinūn recite the adhān on time during Ramaḍān. Because according to our Ḥanafī madhhab, they start praying half an hour after adhān. Shāfiʿī start immediately. Or we make tasbīḥ starting immediately and begin farḍ when Ḥanafī time comes.
But it’s not like this in Ramaḍān. They make adhān on time in Ramaḍān. Therefore, when you hear adhān, you should rinse your mouth and make your intention to keep your farḍ fasting. Or when you break your fast, you intend for your tomorrow’s fast, in shā’a Llāh. That is ok too. Intention is important. When you wake up for saḥūr, that’s accepted as your niyyah. There is a lot of easiness. May Allāh جل جلاله increase our light and fasting is the biggest thing that increases light. Many people are scared they cannot fast. That means you don’t have willpower. Even small children can fast and grown adults say they can’t. They should be embarrassed. There are many people who don’t pray but who never skip fasting in their lives. It is not easy to leave fasting. Because when a man breaks his fast intentionally, there is penalty for it. You can’t just fast for one day in return for a missed fast.
For example, if someone never fasted in his life, he should fast for 60 days as penalty at first. Then slowly, slowly he will fast the missed days. No need to fast 60 days for each day. Penalty fast is just once. And people can do it any time. They don’t have to do it in the middle of summer. They can fast for two months during the shortest days. But it has to be all at once. Ladies can make a pause during menstruation and continue after. But men should fast 60 days in a row without missing a day in between. Our Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is saying even if you fast your whole life for a missed day, you won’t reach its value. Therefore, people should be careful. Don’t miss fasting. Don’t miss this benefit, in shā’a Llāh.
Bismi Llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm. A‘ūdhu biLlāhi mina sh-shayṭāni r-rajīm. Bismi Llāhi r- Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm. “Shahru Ramaḍāna alladhī unzila fīhi l-Qur’ānu hudan lil-nāsi wa- bayyinātin mina l-hudá wal-furqān fa-man shahida minkumu sh-shahra fa-lyaṣumhu wa man kāna marīḍan aw ‘alá safarin fa-‘iddatun min ayyāmin ukhar yurīdu Llāhu bikumu l-yusra wa-lā yurīdu bikumu l-‘usra wa-litukmilū l-‘iddata wa litukabbirū Llāha ‘alá mā hadākum” (2:185). This is āyah for fasting, showing fast it is obligatory, one of pillar of Islām. Who is Muslim first making shahādah, after praying – iqāmati ṣ-ṣalāt, itā’i z-zakāh – third to give zakāt, fourth to fast Ramaḍān.
Before Ramaḍān before it was another time they was fasting in Muḥarram, ‘Āshūrā’ that that month. But when coming to Madīnah, Allāh جل جلاله give this fasting in Ramaḍān to be obligatory for Muslim because it is important and it was before. Other, all prophets also from Ādam ‘alayhi s-salām until our Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, they was fasting. Some of them some days, some some more, some of them maybe very long like Sayyidīnā Mūsá ‘alayhi s-salām time they was fasting six months and their fasting it was not like our fasting. When coming sunset they was eating, drinking and no more for after twenty four hour again. There was no saḥūr, nothing. Only once a day they was eating and it was like this for beginning of Islām. After Allāh جل جلاله make mercy for us and He جل جلاله give us from sunset until fajr – fajr meaning before sunrise two hour or one and half hour. Until all this night we can eat, we can drink, make saḥūr.
To make saḥūr also very important, very reward. Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saying don’t miss saḥūr, make saḥūr. So it is for benefit of human being, for believer to fast and to be in Ramaḍān daytime fasting, nighttime making ‘ibādah – worshipping, especially make tarāwīh and saḥūr. Before saḥūr make tahajjud.
It is nice Allāh جل جلاله give from His light for people who are they fasting. And to be fasting it is very benefit especially for to control your ego. This is spiritual power and to Allāh جل جلاله give you more light when you are fasting. For other benefit for us all this bad thing going out from your body because Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saying fasting to be healthy. Who fasting he is healthier more than they are not fasting. They sometimes, people they fasting with some, without religion, is not also not important because when Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saying something – ṣūmū taṣiḥḥū – meaning you must be believer and make intention to fast for sake of Allāh جل جلاله and for order of Allāh جل جلاله in Ramaḍān. For other times, sake of Allāh جل جلاله nāfilah fasting.
We can fast many times in year but this one month we mustn’t lose it because it is – you cannot put what Allāh جل جلاله give you in this month, because if you are not fasting one day, two days, as much with knowing – “I’m knowing. I’m not say I cannot fast. I don’t want fast this day Ramaḍān.” For this day you must make it again but before to make this you must fast sixty days. Sixty days, kaffārat we call this. If you break one day or break thousand days, or ya‘nī eight, fifty years you are not fasting. Also before fasting to make this you must fast sixty days continuously for man. For woman of course they have excuse they can cut. After they can continue. But this once, only after you can fast your what you lose. But Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saying also: if one day, for one day you with knowing and said, “I don’t want to fast today. I know it’s Ramaḍān but I don’t want to fast.” If you after you be regret and say, “No oh what I done?” You fast from what sixty years it is not comparing this one day from what in Ramaḍān you lose it. So don’t be follow your ego or looking for people they are not fasting. Said, “I also I can fast I will not fast.”
Be careful there is now many people they are not praying but fasting – they not losing fasting. It was like this before but now it’s become more people they are not fasting. But they don’t know what they are missing. They missing very big favour, cannot reach any more this. Not like what you, if you fasting for sake of Allāh جل جلاله out of Ramaḍān, if you break your fast you can fast again and it will be more valuable because it is become obligatory. But in Ramaḍān you cannot catch it again. So must be very careful and to be happy with this month and real it is the most blessed, most happiest month around the year. In shā’a Llāh if we forget something we still Ramaḍān coming thirty, thirty days we can say it. But in daytime also you can follow Khatm Qur’ān with people in mosque. In dergāh they have in Ramaḍān every day they making time for reading Qur’ān all together or imām reading you listening. Also this don’t miss this also.
Make this month it is holy month for your spiritual, enjoying yourself in spiritual bless, in shā’a Llāh. Allāh جل جلاله make it bless for ummah and make our Muslim brothers in everywhere in this world they are suffering from… We are we must be thankful for Allāh جل جلاله we can fast, we can do everything. There is million of people they are prohibited by this oppressor people to fast, to eat, or drink what they want. They give them bad thing. Allāh جل جلاله open for them. Allāh جل جلاله send Sayyidinā l-Mahdī to next year to not be. Because we are weak people. We cannot say anything only we are sad for this people. We cannot say because this is tyrants. Nobody, everywhere in the world they are shouting for this and for that government but there is tyrants nobody in this world open their mouth for this. But Allāh جل جلاله know them and there is Allāh جل جلاله. He جل جلاله is Greatest. Not this people they say “we are great people.” They are not great. In shā’a Llāh Allāh جل جلاله to next year we are praying for Allāh جل جلاله for to make Sayyidinā l-Mahdī coming and help this people.
Wa min Allāhi t-tawfīq, al-Fātiḥah.
Video link: http://saltanat.org/
videopage.php?id=18402&name= 2018-05- 15_tr_DontMissTheRewa rdsOfRamadan_SM.mp4