Madhhab and Muftī

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Shaykh Mehmet Adil Al-Haqqani, Sohbet of the 10th of April, 2018.

As-Salāmu ‘alaykum wa raḥmatu Llāhi wa barakātuh.
A‘ūdhu biLlāhi mina sh-shayṭāni r- rajīm. Bismi Llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm. Aṣ-ṣalātu wa s-Salāmu ‘alá Rasūlinā Muḥammadin Sayyidi l-awwalīn wa l-ākhirīn. Madad yā Rasūla Llāh, madad yā Sādāti Aṣḥābi Rasūli Llāh, madad yā Mashāyikhinā, dastūr yā Shaykh ‘Abdu Llāh al-Fā’iz ad-Dāghistānī, Shaykh Muḥammad Nāẓim al-Ḥaqqānī. Madad.
Ṭarīqatunā ṣ-ṣuḥbah wa l-khayru fi l-jam‘iyyah.

The religion of Islām shows us the good way. Its ways and teachings we learn from hojjas and parents. Shukr to Allāh جل جلاله, most of the Muslims know how to pray and fast. Some are more advanced in their knowledge. They see themselves as superior. Moreover, they say there is no need to follow a madhhab. We have our imāms of madhāhib. They are the people who met those who were close to our Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, ṣaḥābah and those who came after them. The best and and most correct knowledge is with them. But people nowadays are not accepting it. They say, “They are just like us. We can also give fatwá according to our minds without following any madhhab. We can do whatever the religion is allowing us to do.” And then some get really absurd by saying there is no ablution, no praying. They are reaching to that extent.
We have to be careful regarding this matter. Giving fatwá is the most serious matter. Don’t approach it as you like. Fatwá is not even for hojjas. And not every hojja can make it. They can say only some things they know. They can teach how to pray and all. But sometimes there are fatwás, when you ask how to carry it out, the pious imāms will say, “You have to ask a muftī. I can’t give this fatwá. I am hojja. My duty is limited to this. The duty of fatwá is for muftīs.” It was like this during the time of the Ottomans. It is so now too but most people don’t know it and they give fatwá according to their minds making judgments. They are saying things outside the madhāhib. They are people not on the right way. They have became many.
Shayṭān is trying every possible way. If he puts the enemies of Islām clearly, people will stay away from them. So he is finding the weak ones among Muslims who follow their egos. And he is making them speak by cheating them with money, fame or other things. And people with weak faith follow them without realizing. And these things, as we said, won’t bring any benefit for them. They’ll be shamed here before going to ākhirah and in ākhirah, they’ll be certainly punished for misleading so many people from the right way. May Allāh  جل جلاله protect us.
The important thing here is to say “I don’t know” for what we don’t know. No need to give fatwá. If there is something you know, you read in ḥadīth or heard from the scholars, you can say you heard that. No need to teach things. Don’t take the burden on your shoulders. May Allāh جل جلاله protect us. It is the end of times. Everyone is following their ego, making judgments and fatwá as they like.
Our religion Islām it is perfect and everything shown and Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم show us everything. What Allāh جل جلاله taught him صلى الله عليه وسلم he teach us. And there was many whole ṣaḥābah they can give advice or when you ask them something all of them they can show you way, right way. And so in that time no need for madhhab because each one like imām of madhhab. But later they are pass away many of them and becoming less and less. This madhhab until imām of four madhhab there was teaching people but also even in that time there was many madhhab until the all of them they don’t have any follower – coming four madhhab and this four madhhab it is right and ḥaqq madhhab. We follow them. We are obligatory to follow.
But this days people they are, normal Muslim people, they are knowing and following from mother, father, or in school they teach them what to do and they are following this. But this days, nowadays, there is fashion especially for people who are studying in religious school or university, religion. Many of them, very many of them, they are saying, “This imāms they not right. We can also, we have mind, we have thinking. We can read and saying what we must do, what we not do.” And most of them they giving teaching against Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم teaching. They saying no need for wuḍū’, no need for praying also. Even until that limit they are coming. Some of them less than this. Some of them said, “Don’t pray sunnah. Don’t wear ḥijāb. Don’t do this…” Each order of sharī‘ah they are saying don’t do this, this is not real.
And this people normally you think they are study in religious but their ego and their weak character make them fall in trap of shayṭān. They are giving them money. They are giving them fame or something like this. They are happy with this thing and forgetting to fear from Allāh جل جلاله. Only they are thinking they are living here. Their fear is zero. They don’t have any belief. They even non-believer they are [more] believer than this people. And unfortunately there is many of them in every country – in Turkey, in Egypt – this is the biggest country for Muslim – Pakistan, Iran, Saudi. All this the biggest country – they are most of them in this country. But what we will do? We will, we must be careful from them, not believe them, not accept what they are saying.
Because in Islām there is – if you want to ask something you can ask for scholar. What he know he can tell you. But there is another thing – giving fatwá. What not everybody know this, there is special people, specialist we call them muftī, to give fatwá. Fatwá meaning special thing they only this people they can give this and they are responsible what for what they are saying. So for this, even for ourself we saying, if you know something – somebody ask we can tell them – if we know really. But sometimes there is problem question. This problem question they must ask for muftī, to not be responsible – to responsibility for muftī. And they are special people and they have ijāzah. If they are can give right fatwá, Allāh جل جلاله reward them maybe twice. But even not knowing and they giving wrong, Allāh جل جلاله also reward once because they are have good intention and they are real want to help. This is for muftī. But if you are, you are not muftī and some people coming for you and asking and even you giving right answer, it’s also you are not acceptable.
So we must be careful, must be very sensitive for this matter. Especially in this days because this days everybody giving their idea and people saying, “This ‘ālim he said like this. We following him.” But maybe he is he not have ijāzah to give fatwá or to say for people for this. So Allāh جل جلاله keep us safe from this people, this who are following ego and following shayṭān. There are many of them. Allāh جل جلاله give them hidāyah also, in shā’a Llāh.
Wa min Allāhi t-tawfīq, al-Fātiḥah.