Follow the Authority of Your Country

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Shaykh Mehmet Adil Al-Haqqani, Sohbet of the 14th of May, 2018.
As-Salāmu ‘alaykum wa raḥmatu Llāhi wa barakātuh.
A‘ūdhu biLlāhi mina sh-shayṭāni r-rajīm. Bismi Llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm.
Aṣ-ṣalātu wa s- Salāmu ‘alá Rasūlinā Muḥammadin Sayyidi l-awwalīn wa l-ākhirīn. Madad yā Rasūla Llāh, madad yā Sādāti Aṣḥābi Rasūli Llāh, madad yā Mashāyikhinā, dastūr yā Shaykh ‘Abdu Llāh al-Fā’iz ad-Dāghistānī, Shaykh Muḥammad Nāẓim al-Ḥaqqānī. Madad.
Ṭarīqatunā ṣ- ṣuḥbah wa l-khayru fi l-jam‘iyyah.
There are Madhāhib due to the mercy of our Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. What we call Madhāhib used to be many. There were many true Madhāhib. There was no one left following them so there are four remaining. And they are a mercy for the Nation. A person follows whichever one he likes that fits himself accordingly. He does his work according to its rulings and performs his worship. So it is both for his work and for his worship, both of them. Every Madhhab has two parts one for worship and the other for activities. They showed them to people as well. May Allāh جل جلاله be happy with those Imāms. Through their high aspirations and efforts most of the Islamic world follows the four Madhāhib.
A fifth Madhhab is unacceptable, it is not accepted. Because there are no more perfect people who can do independent reasoning (ijtihād). Until when will these madhāhib remain? Until Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām. When Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām comes there will be no need for Madhāhib, since the absolute independent reasoner (mujtahid) is Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām. Nonsensical people are appearing. They do not have the slightest intelligence whatsoever. They read this and that book and come out in front of people claiming to be a scholar, claiming to be a mujtahid. The religion is not good enough for them. The scholars are not good enough for them. They are making religion like democracy. They are criticizing everybody without knowledge or experience. This religion does not move with such people. People who do that harm themselves.
There, on this topic now we will pray the Tarāwīḥ tomorrow. They are questioning whether to begin to pray the day after. The government agency, who are those in authority, have looked at it, made calculations, written about it, and said it [Ramaḍān] is Wednesday. People who are living in this country should be following this. They said it is Thursday in another country. So that is also OK, because we follow those in authority. We cannot see. We neither see the sun nor the moon, we do not know when it rises and sets, where it rose and where it set. They have the responsibility. It is somewhat difficult for them to see the moon in these countries. It is not flat etc. Therefore, they have their calculations and methods. They said it is Wednesday because it will rise at such time and set at such time. Turkey and Cyprus decided this way. Another, India looked at it – “No, we haven’t seen it yet. Two days later.” It is their responsibility, not the people’s.
People should follow according to where they are. So there is no need for anxiety. Because even if a person, if all the people, got up and looked at it, again it is useless if they do not understand. It does not make sense. Therefore, wherever the person is, he will abide by the time, the date, and the day according to what the government said now and follow it. This is also the case with the Ash‘arī (theological school) Madhhab. Because sometimes in old times there was not much calculation like this. They ask: “What about a cloudy day?” “Is it 29 or 30 [days]?” If 29 holds, and it is a cloudy day then because the moon will not be apparent they complete it to 30. If not, if it appears, then it is 29. However, so this is not much of a problem. Therefore, where these people are, let them follow the government and be at rest. There is nothing else to do.
Sometimes they begin Ramaḍān a day early, that is possible. But let them certainly follow the government where they are, on ‘Īd day. “The others broke the fast a day before. I will take my water, soft drink and what not, and appear in front of people in this country having broken my fast.” That is not all right. You should break your fast like the rest of the people there. This is the way shown by the shaykhs, especially what Mawlānā used to do. Mawlānā would sometimes be fasting a day or two before, the day before Ramaḍān, sometimes two days before. But he would for certain make the ifṭār, meaning the ‘Īd, together with the government of whichever country we were in. We make ifṭār together with that country’s ‘Īd. We need to be careful about this, since it is unseemly to break the fast and appear in front of people one day before.
If you are not in a Muslim country, there are also lots of communities there. Then things are different. You can still do your ifṭār and offer your ‘Īd prayer according to which one you prefer. Whatever day has been set. For example, people in Turkish mosques, do it according to the Diyanet (Religious Affairs). Everyone will be coming to that ‘Īd prayer. Well, they are coming. “No, it is not today. It is tomorrow.” There, that does not work either. For that, again either the Diyanet or whichever country you are in, if Turks are the majority – time it according to the Diyanet. If others are a majority, then you do it according to them. Because there are people who only pray on ‘Īd. If you mix it up too, that time they would be missing ‘Īd as well. They would not come a second time.
So these Madhāhib are a mercy for us. Therefore, we will follow these Madhāhib until Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām appears. This is what Mawlānā said. In addition to the Madhāhib, Ṭarīqah is the same way. When Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām appears, they will all connect with Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām. No other Ṭarīqah will be left. May Allāh جل جلاله make us all reach those days, in shā’a Llāh.
Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم he make this Madhhab for who, for us to following some guidance – mercy for us. We have, after Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, many Madhhab to follow. Whole they was right. For each  ṣaḥābah he like mujtahid, he can be Madhhab for himself. But the Madhhab, many of them, there are no follower, they finish. Until the four Madhhab only remain – Ḥanafī, Shāfi‘ī, Mālikī, Ḥanbalī. This is right. They are on right Madhhab – only four. Fifth why? Because they are real awliyā’u Llāh and they are real connecting with Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with ṣaḥābah and they was the pillar of Islām this. And they are following only Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. After them, no any mujtahid. There is fifth Madhhab we not accept and because changing every time, they can change so it is not important for us to follow this Madhhab.
Only four Madhhab it is important and it is every thing you need. You have it from, for worshipping and for daily life; for everything from trading, from inheritance, from married, from everything you can you want to ask. You, they make very hard researching, writing all what we need and it is enough for us until when this, until Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām coming. When Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām coming all they will be, in shā’a Llāh, one. Because he is Mujtahidu l-Muṭlaq, after Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Everything he will give judgement for everything. What he done, what he do – we must follow him. Even ṭarīqah also. This is Mawlānā he was saying. Ṭarīqah it will finish when Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām coming. No more ṭarīqah because all in reality with Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām.
This is why for we are saying this four Madhhab because they are showing us what we will do. Now tomorrow, in shā’a Llāh, we will praying tarāwīḥ. After tomorrow in our country beginning first of Ramaḍān. Beginning of first Ramaḍān normally, tomorrow after Maghrib. But there is other country, they are not following this. What will happen Madhhab they accept this. Each country they can do their own calculating or looking for the moon to see if it is Ramaḍān or not Ramaḍān. So we must follow our country or where you are living. If they say Ramaḍān, okay we make Ramaḍān from tomorrow. But other country they said, “No it is not Ramaḍān.” Maybe Saudi they saying after tomorrow Ramaḍān. What we will do? We will not fasting tomorrow, after tomorrow? Not making tarāwīḥ tomorrow? No. We will make. They can, they are free. And for people who living in this country, no problem. Allāh  جل جلاله not asking, “Why you done this?” We are following our Madhhab – authority they are saying this and madhhab saying follow authority. But you here, authority here, you must fast here.
So many people they make it problem. It is not really problem. Maybe they can fast one day, two days. Especially Pakistani brothers, they after two days, three days they are beginning, so is not… It’s all Allāh جل جلاله accept because they are not by themself. The authority they are doing this. Authority responsible. If they are making by to some reason – maybe they want to make it little bit before, later. Sometime they do this, authority also. But for people it is – Allāh  جل جلاله will not ask them. They, if they are this, authority they doing this, they will asked by Allāh ‘Azza wa Jalla. You all do this and you will be punished because it is not joke must be careful for this, this for Ramaḍān, in shā’a Llāh. Everywhere whole Ramaḍān, in shā’a Llāh, fasting. You can beginning before Ramaḍān, maybe in other country they can do Thursday. If you are in other country, you like to beginning, you hear some country beginning one day before, you can begin. Mawlānā was doing this many times. Even we pray tarāwīḥ also before.
But for ‘Īd you must make with your authority with your country. This is important. Not saying, “Oh that country in Hijaz their ‘Īd before one day, so we can take cigarette and going around people or drinking.” Yes this there are people they are they are in Hijaz must follow  Hijaz. This is not joke. It is very important. maybe one day, if you fast, break your fast, you must fast sixty days with because you are knowing and you are fasting. So it is important for ‘Īd in every place everywhere to follow authority of your country – not other country. But for Ramaḍān, beginning of Ramaḍān, also if there another country fasting before you, you can fast with them. But if they are fasting after you, you cannot also break your fast and say I will fast with this country.
And there is also, now I remember, the new kind of fatwá coming from most sincere the they said, from Arab who are knowing Qur’ān, knowing Ḥadīth. They said if you are in country it is such Russia or North near North Pole – so it will be maybe after… If you are fasting more than twenty hours, no need for you to fast more than twenty hour. You follow Makkah. How you follow Makkah? Makkah breaking fast before us, eight hour before us. You must follow this? How it is this very ridiculous, very… They are… There is Ḥadīth of Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم – if you have such not twenty hours maybe twenty two hours – because sometimes it’s really you cannot – just follow the nearest city for you who maybe twenty hours they fasting. You follow this, not follow Makkah. And Arab they was real happy. I see many Arab in London they was very happy with this. They say I tried to – I was thinking they are joking but they are no, they are very happy. They said, “Yes our children they have exam. They must, this fast it’s too too much for them. It is very good fatwá. We follow this.” And they finish all their… Even in London they are doing this because also more than twenty hours.
So it is something – this people destroying Islām more than enemy of Islām. Allāh جل جلاله finish them, in shā’a Llāh, because this they are real big fitnah all around Islāmic country and they harming Islām more than the enemy of Islām. In shā’a Llāh Mahdī ‘alayhi s-salām when coming he will clean all this and you will see the right and good thing, in shā’a Llāh.
Wa min Allāhi t-tawfīq, al-Fātiḥah.
Video link: 14_tr_FollowTheAuthorityOfYourCountry_SM.mp4